HIF-3α1 promotes colorectal tumor cell growth by activation of JAK-STAT3 signaling

Xue, X. and Jungles, K. and Onder, G. and Samhoun, J. and Győrffy, Balázs (2016) HIF-3α1 promotes colorectal tumor cell growth by activation of JAK-STAT3 signaling. Oncotarget, 7 (10). pp. 11567-11579. ISSN 1949-2553


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Hypoxic environment is critical in colorectal cancer (CRC) development. Most studies have mainly focused on hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and HIF-2α as the major hypoxic transcription factors in CRC development and progression. However, the role of HIF-3α in CRC is not clear. Here we found that HIF-3α protein was increased in colorectal tumors from both mouse models and human patients. Moreover, increased HIF-3α expression was correlated with decreased survival. Overexpression of a long isoform of HIF-3α, HIF-3α1, increased cell growth in two CRC cell lines. Surprisingly, overexpressed HIF-3α1 was localized to the cytosol and increased phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3). STAT3 inhibition effectively reduced p-STAT3 levels and cell growth induced by HIF-3α1. The activation of p-STAT3 was independent of the transcriptional activity of HIF-3α1. However, the inhibition of the upstream regulator Janus kinase (JAK) abolished HIF-3α1-induced p-STAT3 and cell growth. Together, these results demonstrated that HIF-3α1 promotes CRC cell growth by activation of the JAK-STAT3 signaling pathway through non-canonical transcription-independent mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SIGNAL TRANSDUCER; Janus kinase; Hypoxia-inducible factor-3α; colorectal cancer; Activator of transcription 3
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 14:21
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2016 14:21

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