Comparative study of CYP2B1/2 induction and the transport of bilirubin and taurocholate in rat hepatocyte-mono- and hepatocyte-Kupffer cell co-cultures

Bátai-Konczos, Attila and Veres, Zsuzsa and Szabó, Mónika and Ioja, Enikő and László, Glória and Török, György and Homolya, László and Jemnitz, Katalin (2016) Comparative study of CYP2B1/2 induction and the transport of bilirubin and taurocholate in rat hepatocyte-mono- and hepatocyte-Kupffer cell co-cultures. JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGICAL AND TOXICOLOGICAL METHODS, 82. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1056-8719


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Introduction Hepatocyte-Kupffer cell (KC) co-cultures represent a promising approach for in vitro modeling of complex interactions between parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells in the liver, responsible for drug-induced liver injury (DILI). In this study we aimed to compare hepatocyte monocultures with hepatocyte-KC co-cultures regarding some basic liver functions associated with the chemical defense system. These pathways involve transporters and enzymes the function of which is highly sensitive towards hepatotoxic events. Methods CYP2B1/2 induction and the biliary and sinusoidal elimination of bilirubin (B) and taurocholate (TC) were studied in rat hepatocyte sandwich cultures compared with rat hepatocyte-KC sandwich co-cultures of 1:0, 6:1, 2:1 and 1:1 cell combinations representing the physiologic and pathologic conditions of the liver. Results KCs decreased phenobarbital inducibility of CYP2B1/2 in a cell ratio dependent manner and activation of KCs by lipopolisacharide (LPS) amplified this effect. Similarly, KCs decreased the transport of B and its glucuronides (BG) in both sinusoidal and canalicular directions resulting in its intracellular accumulation. In contrast, the uptake and the efflux of TC were greater in the co-cultures than in the hepatocyte monocultures. Immuno-labelling of sodium-dependent taurocholate transporter (Ntcp) revealed increased expression of the transporter in the presence of KCs. Discussion Here we presented that KCs have a direct impact on some hepatocyte functions suggesting that the co-culture model may be more suitable for drug related hepatotoxicity studies than hepatocyte monocultures. Abbreviations B, bilirubin; Bsep, bile salt export pump; CYP, cytochrome P-450; GdCl3, gadolinium(III) chloride; H/KC, hepatocyte-Kupffer-cell co-culture; HBSS, Hanks' balanced salt solution; HPLC, high-performance liquid chromatography; KC, Kupffer-cell; LPS, lipopolisacharide; Mrp, multidrug resistance-associated protein; Ntcp, sodium-dependent taurocholate transporter; PB, phenobarbital; PBS, phosphate-buffered saline; PTX, pentoxyphylline; TC, taurocholate

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2016 09:44
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2016 09:44

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