Light and electron microscopic studies of the Harderian gland in Bilgorajska goose (Anser anser)

Klećkowska-Nawrot, Joanna and Chęć, Aleksandra and Goździewska-Harłajczuk, Karolina and Nowaczyk, Renata and Barszcz, Karolina (2015) Light and electron microscopic studies of the Harderian gland in Bilgorajska goose (Anser anser). Acta Biologica Hungarica, 66 (3). pp. 249-257. ISSN 0236-5383


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The Harderian gland (HG) in birds is the dominant orbital gland, which plays an important role in immunological response. Tissue sections taken from adult females of Bilgorajska goose were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Azan, PAS, AB pH 2.5, AF and HDI. Based on the histological structure the HG in Bilgorajska geese had compound tubular structure with multiple lobules and two types of epithelial cells lining the tubules. Epithelial cells in the central part of the lobes were dark in color and contained serous fluid, while in the deeper layers, epithelial cells were lightly coloured and contained mucous fluid. Histochemical studies showed the presence of neutral mucopolysaccharides and carboxylated acid mucopolysaccharides in the secretory cells. The small number of single plasma cells were present in HDI staining below the basement membrane of the secondary and primary ducts, near the crypts of the main duct. TEM study demonstrated that plasma cells had a large nucleus with condensed heterochromatin and were rich in rough endoplasmic reticulum. The knowledge of gland’s structure, and above all an analysis of the immune system components may affect clinical practice and properly conducted immunization of birds.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 09:03
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2017 23:15

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