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Genetic variability in agro-morphological and quality traits of Mediterranean durum wheat landraces

Amallah, L. and Taghouti, M. and Rhrib, K. and Gaboun, F. and Hassikou, R. (2015) Genetic variability in agro-morphological and quality traits of Mediterranean durum wheat landraces. Cereal Research Communications, 43 (1). pp. 123-132. ISSN 0133-3720

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Abstract

Durum wheat landraces are still cultivated to take advantage of their excellent grain and straw quality, adaptation to abiotic stresses, and extremely wide variety of uses. The safeguarding and rehabilitation of genetic inheritance requires genetic characterization and evaluation. In this study, forty durum wheat landraces originating from Mediterranean countries were evaluated according to agro-morphological and technological properties. We show that the germplasm was highly variable. The mean yellow pigment and protein content was higher in landraces (15.58%; 7.32 ppm) than in the Moroccan cultivars used as controls (14.6%; 5.48 ppm). In addition, principal component analysis identified five groups showing variable agronomic and qualitative characteristics that might be useful in the rational design of breeding programs.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > S1 Agriculture (General) / mezőgazdaság általában
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2016 07:45
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2016 07:45
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/37135

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