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Non-random aneuploidy specifies subgroups of pilocytic astrocytoma and correlates with older age

Fontebasso, Adam M and Shirinian, Margret and Khuong-Quang, Dong-Anh and Bechet, Denise and Gayden, Tenzin and Kool, Marcel and De Jay, Nicolas and Jacob, Karine and Gerges, Noha and Hutter, Barbara and Şeker-Cin, Huriye and Witt, Hendrik and Montpetit, Alexandre and Brunet, Sébastien and Lepage, Pierre and Bourret, Geneviève and Klekner, Almos and Bognár, László and Hauser, Peter and Garami, Miklós and Farmer, Jean-Pierre and Montes, Jose-Luis and Atkinson, Jeffrey and Lambert, Sally and Kwan, Tony and Korshunov, Andrey and Tabori, Uri and Collins, V Peter and Albrecht, Steffen and Faury, Damien and Pfister, Stefan M and Paulus, Werner and Hasselblatt, Martin and Jones, David T W and Jabado, Nada (2015) Non-random aneuploidy specifies subgroups of pilocytic astrocytoma and correlates with older age. Oncotarget, 6 (31). pp. 31844-56. ISSN 1949-2553

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Abstract

Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is the most common brain tumor in children but is rare in adults, and hence poorly studied in this age group. We investigated 222 PA and report increased aneuploidy in older patients. Aneuploid genomes were identified in 45% of adult compared with 17% of pediatric PA. Gains were non-random, favoring chromosomes 5, 7, 6 and 11 in order of frequency, and preferentially affecting non-cerebellar PA and tumors with BRAF V600E mutations and not with KIAA1549-BRAF fusions or FGFR1 mutations. Aneuploid PA differentially expressed genes involved in CNS development, the unfolded protein response, and regulators of genomic stability and the cell cycle (MDM2, PLK2),whose correlated programs were overexpressed specifically in aneuploid PA compared to other glial tumors. Thus, convergence of pathways affecting the cell cycle and genomic stability may favor aneuploidy in PA, possibly representing an additional molecular driver in older patients with this brain tumor.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BRAF; MDM2; PLK2; aneuploidy; pilocytic astrocytoma
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
Depositing User: Dr. Álmos Klekner
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2016 09:55
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2016 09:55
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/40386

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