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Magnetic-noise-spectrum measurement by an atom laser in gravity

Kálmán, Orsolya and Darázs, Zoltán and Brennecke, Ferdinand and Domokos, Péter (2016) Magnetic-noise-spectrum measurement by an atom laser in gravity. Physical Review A, 94 (3). 033626. ISSN 2469-9934

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Abstract

Bose-Einstein condensates of ultracold atoms can be used to sense fluctuations of the magnetic field by means of transitions into untrapped hyperfine states. It has been shown recently that counting the outcoupled atoms can yield the power spectrum of the magnetic noise. We calculate the spectral resolution function, which characterizes the condensate as a noise measurement device in this scheme. We use the description of the radio-frequency outcoupling scheme of an atom laser, which takes into account the gravitational acceleration. Employing both an intuitive and the exact three-dimensional and fully quantum mechanical approach, we derive the position-dependent spectral resolution function for condensates of different size and shape.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
Depositing User: Dr. Orsolya Kálmán
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2016 14:44
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2016 14:44
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/40924

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