PACAP is protective in a rat model of retinopathy of prematurity

Kvarik, Timea and Mammel, Barbara and Reglodi, Dora and Werling, Dora and Bede, Brigitta and Vaczy, Alexandra and Toth, Gabor and Kiss, Peter and Tamas, Andrea and Ertl, Tibor and Gyarmati, Judit and Atlasz, Tamas (2016) PACAP is protective in a rat model of retinopathy of prematurity. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 60 (2). pp. 179-185. ISSN 0895-8696, ESSN: 1559-1166

[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (746kB)


The oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) is a well-established rodent model of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), which is one of the most common causes of childhood visual impairment affecting preterm babies. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is known to have neuroprotective effects. Several studies have revealed the presence of PACAP and its receptors in the retina, and reported its protective effects in ischemic and diabetic retinopathy. In this study we investigated whether PACAP administration can influence the vascular changes in the rat OIR model. OIR was generated by placing the animals in daily alternating 10/50 oxygen concentrations from postnatal day (P) 0 to P14, then returned them to room air. Meanwhile, animals received PACAP or saline intraperitoneally or intrevitreally from P1-P8 or on P11, P14 and P17, respectively. On P19±1 the retinas were isolated and the vessels were visualized by isolectin staining. The percentage of avascular to whole retinal areas and the number of branching points were measured. Change in cytokine expression was also determined. Intravitreal treatment with PACAP remarkably reduced the extent of avascular area compared to the non- and saline-treated OIR groups. Intraperitoneal PACAP injection did not influence the vascular extent. Retinal images of room-air controls did not show vascular alterations. No changes in the number of vessel branching were observed after treatments. Alterations in cytokine profile after local PACAP injection further supported the protective role of the peptide. This is the first study to examine the effects of PACAP in ROP. Although the exact mechanism is still not revealed the present results show that PACAP treatment can ameliorate the vascular changes in the animal model of ROP.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Muller glial cell; Neovascularization; Oxygen-induced retinopathy; Retina
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RE Ophthalmology / szemészet
Depositing User: Dr Tamás Atlasz
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2016 05:36
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2016 06:35

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item