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Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie

Teymoori, A. and Jetten, J. and Bastian, B. and Ariyanto, A. and Autin, F. and Ayub, N. and Badea, C. and Besta, T. and Butera, F. and Costa-Lopes, R. and Cui, L. and Fantini, C. and Finchilescu, G. and Gaertner, L. and Gollwitzer, M. and Gómez, Á. and González, R. and Hong, Y. and Jensen, D. and Karasawa, M. and Kessler, T. and Klein, O. and Lima, M. and Mahonen, A. and Megevand, L. and Morton, T. and Paladino, P. and Pólya, Tibor and Ruza, A. and Shahrazad, W. and Sharma, S. and Torres, A. and van der Bles, A. and Wohl, M. (2016) Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie. PLOS ONE. pp. 1-23. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Sociologists coined the term “anomie” to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as ‘a state of society’ and as a ‘state of mind’, we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the ‘state of society’. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e., disintegration as lack of trust and erosion of moral standards) and a perceived breakdown in leadership (i.e., deregulation as lack of legitimacy and effectiveness of leadership). Across six studies we present evidence for the validity of the new measure, the Perception of Anomie Scale (PAS). Studies 1a and 1b provide evidence for the proposed factor structure and internal consistency of PAS. Studies 2a-c provide evidence of convergent and discriminant validity. Finally, assessing PAS in 28 countries, we show that PAS correlates with national indicators of societal functioning and that PAS predicts national identification and well-being (Studies 3a & 3b). The broader implications of the anomie construct for the study of group processes are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion / filozófia, pszichológia, vallás > BF Psychology / lélektan > BF21 Applied psychology / alkalmazott pszichológia
Depositing User: dr Tibor Pólya
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2016 06:15
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2016 06:15
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/42255

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