The role of the delayed rectifier component IKs in dog ventricular muscle and Purkinje fibre repolarization

Varró, András and Baláti, Beáta and Iost, Norbert and Takács, János and Virág, László and Lathrop, David A. and Lengyel, Csaba Attila and Tálosi, László and Papp, Julius Gyula (2000) The role of the delayed rectifier component IKs in dog ventricular muscle and Purkinje fibre repolarization. The Journal of Physiology, 523 (1). pp. 67-81. ISSN 0022-3751

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1. The relative contributions of the rapid and slow components of the delayed rectifier potassium current (I-Kr and I-Ks, respectively) to dog cardiac action potential configuration were compared in ventricular myocytes and in multicellular right ventricular papillary muscle and Purkinje fibre preparations. Whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, conventional microelectrode and in vivo ECG measurements were made at 37 degrees C. 2. Action potential duration (APD) was minimally increased (less than 7 %) by chromanol 293B (10 mu M) and L-735,821 (100 nM), selective blockers of I-Ks, over a range of pacing cycle lengths (300-5000 ms) in both dog right ventricular papillary muscles and Purkinje fibre strands. D-Sotalol (30 mu M) and E-4031 (1 mu M), selective blockers of I-Kr, in the same preparations markedly (20-80%) lengthened APD in a reverse frequency-dependent manner. 3. In vivo ECG; recordings in intact anaesthetized dogs indicated no significant chromanol 293B (1 mg kg(-1) I.V.) effect on the QTc interval (332.9 +/- 16.1 ms before versus 330.5 + 11.2 ms, n = 6, after chromanol 293B), while D-sotalol(1 mg kg(-1) I.V.) significantly increased the QTc interval (323.9 +/- 7.3 ms before versus 346.5 +/- 6.4 ms, n = 5, after D-sotalol, P < 0.05). 4. The current density estimated during the normal ventricular muscle action potential (i.e. after a 200 ms square pulse to +30 mV or during a 250 ms long 'action potential-like' test pulse) indicates that substantially more current is conducted through I-Kr channels than through I-Kr channels. However, if the duration of the square test pulse or the 'action potential-like' test pulse was lengthened to 500 ms the relative contribution of I-Kr significantly increased. 5. When APD was pharmacologically prolonged in papillary muscle (1 mu M E-4031 and 1 mu g ml(-1) veratrine), 100 nM L-735,821 and 10 mu M chromanol 293B lengthened repolarization substantially by 14.4 +/- 3.4 and 18.0 +/- 3.4% (n = 8), respectively. 6. We conclude that in this study I-Ks plays little role in normal dog ventricular muscle and Purkinje fibre action potential repolarization and that I-Ks is the major source of outward current responsible for initiation of final action potential repolarization. Thus, when APD is abnormally increased, the role of I-Ks in final repolarization increases to provide an important safety mechanism that reduces arrhythmia risk.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry / idegkórtan, neurológia, pszichiátria
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2013 12:17
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2013 12:17

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