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Large-scale recording of thalamocortical circuits: in vivo electrophysiology with the two-dimensional electronic depth control silicon probe.

Fiáth, Richárd and Beregszaszi, P. and Horváth, Domonkos and Wittner, Lucia and Aarts, A.A. and Ulbert, István (2016) Large-scale recording of thalamocortical circuits: in vivo electrophysiology with the two-dimensional electronic depth control silicon probe. JOURNAL OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, 116 (5). pp. 2312-2330. ISSN 0022-3077

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Abstract

Recording simultaneous activity of a large number of neurons in distributed neuronal networks is crucial to understand higher order brain functions. Here, we demonstrate the in vivo performance of a recently developed electrophysiological recording system comprising a two-dimensional, multi-shank, high-density silicon probe with integrated CMOS electronics. The system implements the concept of electronic depth control (EDC), which enables the electronic selection of a limited number of recording sites on each of the probe shafts. This innovative feature of the system permits simultaneous recording of local field potentials (LFP), and single- and multiple-unit activities (SUA and MUA, respectively) from multiple brain sites with high quality and without the actual physical movement of the probe. To evaluate the in vivo recording capabilities of the EDC probe, we recorded LFP, MUA and SUA in acute experiments from cortical and thalamic brain areas of anesthetized rats and mice. The advantages of large-scale recording with the EDC probe are illustrated by investigating the spatiotemporal dynamics of pharmacologically induced thalamocortical slow wave activity in rats, by comparing the firing and burst properties of neurons located in various thalamic nuclei and by the two-dimensional tonotopic mapping of the auditory thalamus. In mice, spatial distribution of thalamic responses to optogenetic stimulation of the neocortex was examined. Utilizing the benefits of the EDC system may result in a higher yield of useful data from a single experiment compared to traditional passive multielectrode arrays, and thus in the reduction of animals needed for a research study.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry / idegkórtan, neurológia, pszichiátria
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2016 13:41
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2016 13:41
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/43972

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