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Androgenesis induction in microspore culture of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

Lantos, Csaba and Gémesné Juhász, Anikó and Vági, Pál and Mihály, Róbert and Kristóf, Zoltán and Pauk, János (2012) Androgenesis induction in microspore culture of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Plant Biotechnology Reports, 6 (2). pp. 123-132. ISSN 1863-5466

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Abstract

Isolated microspore culture experiments were carried out in sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) F1 hybrid genotypes. In the first experiment, four culture media (W14, B5, MS and NLN) were compared to test their effectiveness in inducing the formation of microsporederived structures in two genotypes. The experiments revealed the superiority of B5 medium. In the second experiment, the effects of different ratios of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) (0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.5 mg l-1) and kinetin (0, 0.2 and 0.5 mg l-1) were also investigated in B5 medium with two genotypes. The effect of growth regulators were investigated on the production of microsporederived calli and embryo-like structures (ELSs), the ratio of the two and plant regeneration (number of regenerated plantlets) in microspore culture. The histological experiments revealed the differences between the microsporederived ELSs and calli. The most promising results were obtained on the investigated parameters in the presence of 0.1 mg l-1 2,4-D and 0.2 mg l-1 kinetin producing the highest number of plantlets in both genotypes tested. In the response of 11 genotypes, the androgenesis induction was successful in each sweet pepper genotypes tested using the best basic medium and growth regulators combination. In case of 11 genotypes, the number of ELSs ranged from 20 to 100/Petri dish (an average of 48.1 ELS/Petri dish), while the number of green plantlets varied from 0 to 8 plantlets/Petri dish (an average of 1.5 plantlets/Petri dish) depending on the genotype. The spontaneous rediploidization rate obtained was 25% in isolated microspore.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Capsicum annuum L., Embryogenesis, Haploid, Histology, Microspore, Sweet pepper
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: Dr. Csaba Lantos
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2013 14:50
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2013 14:50
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/4492

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