Biocomposite from polylactic acid and lignocellulosic fibers: structure-property correlations

Faludi, Gábor and Dora, Gábor and Renner, Károly and Móczó, János and Pukánszky, Béla (2013) Biocomposite from polylactic acid and lignocellulosic fibers: structure-property correlations. Carbohydrate Polymers, 92 (2). pp. 1767-1775. ISSN 0144-8617


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ABSTRACT PLA biocomposites were prepared using three corncob fractions and a wood fiber as reference. The composites were characterized by tensile testing, scanning electron (SEM) and polarization optical (POM) microscopy. Micromechanical deformation processes were followed by acoustic emission measurements. The different strength of the components was proved by direct measurements. Two consecutive micromechanical deformation processes were detected in composites containing the heavy fraction of corncob, which were assigned to the fracture of soft and hard particles, respectively. The fracture of soft particles does not result in the failure of the composites that is initi-ated either by the fracture of hard particles or by matrix cracking. Very large particles debond easily from the matrix resulting in catastrophic failure at very low stresses. At sufficiently large shear stresses large particles break easily during compounding, thus reinforcement depending on interfacial adhesion was practically the same in all composites irrespectively of initial fiber characteristics.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr. János/J Móczó
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2013 14:30
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2013 14:30

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