Framing Neuro-Glia Coupling in Antiepileptic Drug Design

Kardos, Julianna and Szabó, Zsolt and Héja, László (2016) Framing Neuro-Glia Coupling in Antiepileptic Drug Design. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 59 (3). pp. 777-787. ISSN 0022-2623

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We delineate perspectives for the design and discovery of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) with fewer side effects by focusing on astroglial modulation of spatiotemporal seizure dynamics. It is now recognized that the major inhibitory neurotransmitter of the brain, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), can be released through the reversal of astroglial GABA transporters. Synaptic spillover and subsequent glutamate (Glu) uptake in neighboring astrocytes evoke replacement of extracellular Glu for GABA, driving neurons away from the seizure threshold. Attenuation of synaptic signaling by this negative feedback through the interplay of Glu and GABA transporters of adjacent astroglia can result in shortened seizures. By contrast, long-range activation of astroglia through gap junctions may promote recurrent seizures on the model of pharmacoresistant temporal lobe epilepsy. From their first detection to our current understanding, we identify various targets that shape both short- and long-range neuro-astroglia coupling, as these are manifest in epilepsy phenomena and in the associated research promotions of AED.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD04 Organic chemistry / szerves kémia
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2017 07:27
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2017 07:27

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