Opposite prognostic roles of HIF1alpha and HIF2alpha expressions in bone metastatic clear cell renal cell cancer

Szendrői, Attila and Szász, Attila Marcell and Kardos, Magdolna and Tőkés, Anna-Mária and Idan, Roni and Szűcs, Miklós and Kulka, Janina and Nyirády, Péter and Szendrői, Miklós and Győrffy, Balázs and Tímár, József (2016) Opposite prognostic roles of HIF1alpha and HIF2alpha expressions in bone metastatic clear cell renal cell cancer. Oncotarget, 7 (27). pp. 42086-42098. ISSN 1949-2553


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BACKGROUND: Prognostic markers of bone metastatic clear cell renal cell cancer (ccRCC) are poorly established. We tested prognostic value of HIF1alpha/HIF2alpha and their selected target genes in primary tumors and corresponding bone metastases. RESULTS: Expression of HIF2alpha was lower in mRCC both at mRNA and protein levels (p/mRNA/=0.011, p/protein/=0.001) while HIF1alpha was similar to nmRCC. At the protein level, CAIX, GAPDH and GLUT1 were increased in mRCC. In all primary RCCs, low HIF2alpha and high HIF1alpha as well as CAIX, GAPDH and GLUT1 expressions correlated with adverse prognosis, while VEGFR2 and EPOR gene expressions were associated with favorable prognosis. Multivariate analysis confirmed high HIF2alpha protein expression as an independent risk factor. Prognostic validation of HIFs, LDH, EPOR and VEGFR2 in RNA-Seq data confirmed higher HIF1alpha gene expression in primary RCC as an adverse (p=0.07), whereas higher HIF2alpha and VEGFR2 expressions as favorable prognostic factors. HIF1alpha/HIF2alpha-index (HIF-index) proved to be an independent prognostic factor in both the discovery and the TCGA cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Expressions of HIF1alpha and HIF2alpha as well as their 7 target genes were analysed on the mRNA and protein level in 59 non-metastatic ccRCCs (nmRCC), 40 bone metastatic primary ccRCCs (mRCC) and 55 corresponding bone metastases. Results were validated in 399 ccRCCs from the TCGA project. CONCLUSIONS: We identified HIF2alpha protein as an independent marker of the metastatic potential of ccRCC, however, unlike HIF1alpha, increased HIF2alpha expression is a favorable prognostic factor. The HIF-index incorporated these two markers into a strong prognostic biomarker of ccRCC.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Attila Szendrői,A. Marcell Szász and Magdolna Kardos have contributed equally to this work
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2017 09:33
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2017 09:33

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