Pregnancy stage and number of fetuses may influence maternal plasma leptin in ewes

Kulcsár, Margit and Dankó, Gabriella and Magdy, H. G. I. and Reiczigel, J. and Forgach, T. and Proháczik, Angella and Delavaud, Carole and Magyar, K. and Chilliard, Y. and Solti, L. and Huszenicza, Gy. (2006) Pregnancy stage and number of fetuses may influence maternal plasma leptin in ewes. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 54 (2). pp. 221-234. ISSN 0236-6290

[img] Text
Restricted to Repository staff only until 30 June 2026.

Download (225kB)


Maternal plasma leptin is elevated in ewes during pregnancy. The authors studied whether there was any relation between maternal plasma leptin and insulin concentrations, the number of fetuses and the circulating and faecal levels of gestagens. At the end of the breeding season in January the ovarian activity of Prolific Merino ewes was induced/synchronised with gestagen + eCG treatment. Ewes were inseminated artificially (AI) by laparoscopy. Blood and faecal samples were collected before AI (day 0) and again 41, 81 and 101 days later. The plasma levels of leptin (pL), insulin and progesterone (pP4), and the faecal P4 metabolite (P4-met) content were determined. The day 0 level of pL was significantly higher in pregnant (n = 24) than in non-pregnant ewes (n = 32). By day 41 the pL of pregnant animals had doubled, it showed a further moderate increase on day 81, and decreased slightly thereafter. During pregnancy pP4 and faecal P4-met rose continuously and were positively correlated at all stages. The mean levels of pL and pP4 and the faecal content of P4-met were lower in ewes bearing single (n = 12) than in those with 2 (n = 6) or 3-5 fetuses (n = 6). Analysis of variance demonstrated significant differences according to the number of fetuses in the pL and pP4, but not in P4-met (p = 0.042, 0.044, and 0.051, respectively). Leptin showed positive correlation with insulin before the AI but not during pregnancy. On days 41 and 81 pL showed a slight positive correlation with P4 and P4-met, which decreased slightly by day 101. This study shows that although leptinaemia is affected by the number of fetuses and the level of P4, pregnancy stage is a more important regulator than these additional factors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SV Veterinary science / állatorvostudomány
Depositing User: xKatalin xBarta
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2017 13:09
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2017 13:09

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item