Effect of excess selenium supplementation on the glutathione redox system in broiler chicken

Balogh, K. and Weber, Mária and Erdélyi, Márta and Mézes, M. (2004) Effect of excess selenium supplementation on the glutathione redox system in broiler chicken. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 52 (4). pp. 403-411. ISSN 0236-6290

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Selenium, as part of selenocysteine, is the active centre of selenoenzymes. Excess amount of selenium generates oxygen free radicals and reacts with thiol compounds such as reduced glutathione, composing seleno-diglutathione. These reactions impair the amount and/or activity of the biological antioxidant defence system. In the present experiment the effects of two inorganic selenium sources (Na2SeO3, Na2SeO4) on lipid peroxidation and on the content and activity of some components of the antioxidant defence mechanism were studied in Ross 308 hybrid cockerels. In the tissues examined, the glutathione redox system was altered in different ways as an effect of excess selenium. The amount of glutathione and, consequently, glutathione peroxidase activity declined in the blood plasma and in the red blood cell haemolysate, while in the liver malondialdehyde concentration increased only at the end of the experimental period as a result of the boosted enzyme activity. The authors suppose that the cause of increased lipid peroxidation was the potential toxic effect of selenium accumulation above the actual demand.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SV Veterinary science / állatorvostudomány
Depositing User: Katalin Barta
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2017 13:50
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2017 13:50

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