Deregulation of apoplastic polyamine oxidase affects development and salt response of tobacco plants

Gémes, Katalin and Mellidou, Ιfigeneia and Karamanoli, Katerina and Beris, Despoina and Park, Ky Young (2017) Deregulation of apoplastic polyamine oxidase affects development and salt response of tobacco plants. JOURNAL OF PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 211. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0176-1617


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Polyamine (PA) homeostasis is associated with plant development, growth and responses to biotic/abiotic stresses. Apoplastic PA oxidase (PAO) catalyzes the oxidation of PAs contributing to cellular homeostasis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and PAs. In tobacco, PAs decrease with plant age, while apoplastic PAO activity increases. Our previous results with young transgenic tobacco plants with enhanced/reduced apoplastic PAO activity (S-ZmPAO/AS-ZmPAO, respectively) established the importance of apoplastic PAO in controlling tolerance to short-term salt stress. However, it remains unclear if the apoplastic PAO pathway is important for salt tolerance at later stages of plant development. In this work, we examined whether apoplastic PAO controls also plant development and tolerance of adult plants during long-term salt stress. The AS-ZmPAO plants contained higher Ca2+ during salt stress, showing also reduced chlorophyll content index (CCI), leaf area and biomass but taller phenotype compared to the wild-type plants during salt. On the contrary, the S-ZmPAO had more leaves with slightly greater size compared to the AS-ZmPAO and higher antioxidant genes/enzyme activities. Accumulation of proline in the roots was evident at prolonged stress and correlated negatively with PAO deregulation as did the transcripts of genes mediating ethylene biosynthesis. In contrast to the strong effect of apoplastic PAO to salt tolerance in young plants described previously, the effect it exerts at later stages of development is rather moderate. However, the different phenotypes observed in plants deregulating PAO reinforce the view that apoplastic PAO exerts multifaceted roles on plant growth and stress responses. Our data suggest that deregulation of the apoplastic PAO can be further examined as a potential approach to breed plants with enhanced/reduced tolerance to abiotic stress with minimal associated trade-offs. © 2017 Elsevier GmbH

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sense/antisense PAO transgenics; salt tolerance; POLYAMINE OXIDASE; OXIDATIVE STRESS; Net photosynthesis; Ion content under salinity
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2017 11:18
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2017 11:18

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