7DHC-induced changes of Kv1.3 operation contributes to modified T cell function in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome

Balajthy, András and Somodi, Sándor and Pethő, Zoltán and Péter, Mária and Varga, Zoltán and Paragh, György and Vigh, László and Panyi, György and Hajdú, Péter (2016) 7DHC-induced changes of Kv1.3 operation contributes to modified T cell function in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. PFLUGERS ARCHIV-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 468 (8). pp. 1403-1418. ISSN 0031-6768

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In vitro manipulation of membrane sterol level affects the regulation of ion channels and consequently certain cellular functions; however, a comprehensive study that confirms the pathophysiological significance of these results is missing. The malfunction of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) reductase in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) leads to the elevation of the 7-dehydrocholesterol level in the plasma membrane. T lymphocytes were isolated from SLOS patients to assess the effect of the in vivo altered membrane sterol composition on the operation of the voltage-gated Kv1.3 channel and the ion channel-dependent mitogenic responses. We found that the kinetic and equilibrium parameters of Kv1.3 activation changed in SLOS cells. Identical changes in Kv1.3 operation were observed when control/healthy T cells were loaded with 7DHC. Removal of the putative sterol binding sites on Kv1.3 resulted in a phenotype that was not influenced by the elevation in membrane sterol level. Functional assays exhibited impaired activation and proliferation rate of T cells probably partially due to the modified Kv1.3 operation. We concluded that the altered membrane sterol composition hindered the operation of Kv1.3 as well as the ion channel-controlled T cell functions. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Voltage-gated ion channel; Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome; Kv1.3; Cholesterol; 7-Dehydrocholesterol
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 09:15
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 09:15

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