Maternal Genetic Ancestry and Legacy of 10(th) Century AD Hungarians.

Csősz, Aranka and Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna and Csáky, Veronika and Langó, Péter and Bódis, Viktória and Köhler, Kitti and Mende, Balázs Gusztáv and Nagy, Melinda and Tömöry, Gyöngyvér (2016) Maternal Genetic Ancestry and Legacy of 10(th) Century AD Hungarians. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 6. p. 33446. ISSN 2045-2322


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The ancient Hungarians originated from the Ural region in today's central Russia and migrated across the Eastern European steppe, according to historical sources. The Hungarians conquered the Carpathian Basin 895-907 AD, and admixed with the indigenous communities. Here we present mitochondrial DNA results from three datasets: one from the Avar period (7(th)-9(th) centuries) of the Carpathian Basin (n = 31); one from the Hungarian conquest-period (n = 76); and a completion of the published 10(th)-12(th) century Hungarian-Slavic contact zone dataset by four samples. We compare these mitochondrial DNA hypervariable segment sequences and haplogroup results with published ancient and modern Eurasian data. Whereas the analyzed Avars represents a certain group of the Avar society that shows East and South European genetic characteristics, the Hungarian conquerors' maternal gene pool is a mixture of West Eurasian and Central and North Eurasian elements. Comprehensively analyzing the results, both the linguistically recorded Finno-Ugric roots and historically documented Turkic and Central Asian influxes had possible genetic imprints in the conquerors' genetic composition. Our data allows a complex series of historic and population genetic events before the formation of the medieval population of the Carpathian Basin, and the maternal genetic continuity between 10(th)-12(th) century and modern Hungarians.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH426 Genetics / genetika, örökléstan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2017 09:57
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2017 09:57

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