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Body esteem in adolescent hair pullers

Altenburger, Erin M. and Tung, Esther S. and Keuthen, Nancy J. (2014) Body esteem in adolescent hair pullers. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 3 (2). pp. 124-127. ISSN 2062-5871

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Abstract

Abstract Background and aims Trichotillomania (TTM) often first presents in adolescence, a developmental period marked by vulnerability in body image. To date, no one has studied the relationship between this disorder and body esteem. Methods 49 adolescents with DSM-IV TTM or chronic hair pulling (HP) and 23 control adolescents were administered diagnostic assessments and self-report measures of hair pulling and body esteem. Results HP youth vs. controls reported lower levels of body esteem on all Body-Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults (BESAA) subscales (appearance, attribution and weight satisfaction). HP contributed to lowered body esteem, independent of comorbid anxiety or depression. As expected, HP youth with vs. without comorbid anxiety or depression reported lowered levels of body esteem. Further, greater HP severity and distress were significantly associated with lower levels of body esteem. HP severity alone but not distress/impairment predicted lower levels of body esteem, independent of comorbid anxiety and depression. Conclusions Both hair pulling and comorbid anxiety and depression can independently impact body esteem in adolescent hair pullers.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion / filozófia, pszichológia, vallás > BF Psychology / lélektan
Depositing User: László Sallai-Tóth
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2017 07:33
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2017 07:33
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/51037

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