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The chemical inducer, BTH (benzothiadiazole) and root colonization by mycorrhiza fungi (Glomus spp.) trigger resistance against white rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) in sunflower

Bán, Rita and Baglyas, Gellért and Virányi, Ferenc and Barna, Balázs and Posta, Katalin and Kiss, József and Körösi, Katalin (2017) The chemical inducer, BTH (benzothiadiazole) and root colonization by mycorrhiza fungi (Glomus spp.) trigger resistance against white rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) in sunflower. ACTA BIOLOGICA HUNGARICA, 68 (1). pp. 50-59. ISSN 0236-5383

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Abstract

White rot caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (SS) is one of the most devastating plant diseases of sun - flower. Controlling this pathogen by available tools hardly result in acceptable control. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of plant resistance inducers, BTH (benzothiadiazole in Bion 50 WG) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on disease development of white rot in three sunflower geno - types. Defence responses were characterized by measuring the disease severity and identifying cellular/ histological reactions (eg. autofluorescence) of host plants upon infection. Depending on the host geno - type, a single application of inducers reduced disease symptoms. Histological examination of host responses revealed that BTH and/or AMF pre-treatments significantly impeded the development of pathogenic hyphae in Iregi szürke csíkos and P63LE13 sunflower plants and it was associated with inten - sive autofluorescence of cells. Both localized and systemic induction of resistance was observed. Importantly, the frequency of mycorrhization of hybrid P63LE13 and PR64H41 was significantly increased upon BTH treatment, so it had a positive effect on the formation of plant-mycorrhiza interac - tions in sunflower. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the additive effect of BTH on mycorrhiza - tion and the positive effect of these inducers against SS in sunflower.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > S1 Agriculture (General) / mezőgazdaság általában
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 30 May 2017 07:07
Last Modified: 30 May 2017 07:07
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/54166

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