Application of sulfonic acid functionalized MCM-41 materials-Selectivity changes in various probe reactions

Rác, Bulcsú and Nagy, Mariann and Pálinkó, István and Molnár, Árpád (2007) Application of sulfonic acid functionalized MCM-41 materials-Selectivity changes in various probe reactions. APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL, 316 (2). pp. 152-159. ISSN 0926-860X

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MCM-41 mesoporous ordered silica materials with covalently anchored propanesulfonic acid groups with varying pore diameters (1.6-3.5 nm) were synthesized. Two samples were prepared in the presence of appropriate templating agents (hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride, decyltrimethylammonium bromide). After template removal they were reacted with 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane followed by transforming the thiol groups by oxidation to sulfonic acid functions. Two other catalyst samples were also prepared by treatment with phenyltriethoxysilane before template removal and functionalization. Sample characterization was performed by physical (low-angle X-ray powder diffraction, nitrogen adsorption, and desorption) and chemical (acid-base titration) methods. Three catalytic transformations were studied. Highly selective formation of para-tert-butylphenol through the isomerization of the ortho isomer was found in the alkylation of phenol with 2-methylpropan-2-ol over three of the catalysts. In the pinacol rearrangement of meso-hydrobenzoine, the rates of formation of diphenylacetaldehyde produced through phenyl migration with much higher steric requirement, parallel the changes in pore sizes. The reactivity of three aromatic ketones (acetophenone, 2-acetylnaphtalene, and 3-acetylphenantrene) in the formation of cyclic ketals over three of the catalysts depends significantly on the steric bulk of the reacting molecules. Furthermore, reactivity of the molecules with larger ring size in competitive reactions decreased and even stopped almost completely after the first hour and only the smaller molecule reacted further. Molecular modeling indicated that steric requirements might have significant effects on the reactivity over MCM-41-based catalysts. The results are interpreted as resulting from the combined effect of structural features of catalyst samples, catalyst ageing, and diffusion limitations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GE Environmental Sciences / környezettudomány
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD02 Physical chemistry / fizikai kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 31 May 2013 11:37
Last Modified: 31 May 2013 11:37

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