The contribution of József Tóth to modernization of Hungarian hydrogeology

Mádl-Szőnyi, Judit (2008) The contribution of József Tóth to modernization of Hungarian hydrogeology. Central European Geology, 51 (3). pp. 189-201. ISSN 1788-2281


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Abstract The paper describes the influence of József Tóth and his groundwater flow theory on the evolution of paradigms in Hungarian hydrogeology. The artesian mechanism has been the basic framework for hydrogeologists for the last two centuries. The evolution from the artesian paradigm to basin hydraulics took place in four stages in Hungary. The first stage was represented by the activity of Szebényi (1955), Urbancsek (1963) and Rónai (1963). Their studies were limited to shallow depths, recognizing the correlation between downward and upward flow with high and low topography, but did not produce a model for the observed pattern. In the second stage Erdélyi (1976) enhanced the gravity-driven flow-pattern for shallow depths but avoided the question of deep overpressures. In the third stage Tóth and Almási (2001) concluded that the groundwater flow pattern is made up of an overpressured regime driven by tectonic compression and a topography-driven meteoric regime above it. In the fourth stage Tóth and Almási (2001)'s conclusions were confirmed by studies for the Danube-Tisza Interfluve (DTI) by Mádl-Szőnyi and Tóth (2009). It was found that the gravity-flow systems are perched on ubiquitously ascending waters and that vertical flow occurs through conductive faults and between rock grains.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Depositing User: xBarbara xBodnár
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2017 05:40
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2023 12:54

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