Mitochondrial alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex generates reactive oxygen species

Starkov, Anatoly A. and Fiskum, G. and Chinopoulos, Christos and Lorenzo, BJ. and Browne, SE. and Patel, Mulchand S. and Beal, M. Flint (2004) Mitochondrial alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex generates reactive oxygen species. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 24 (36). pp. 7779-7788. ISSN 0270-6474


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Mitochondria-produced reactive oxygen species (ROS) are thought to contribute to cell death caused by a multitude of pathological conditions. The molecular sites of mitochondrial ROS production are not well established but are generally thought to be located in complex I and complex III of the electron transport chain. We measured H 2 O 2 production, respiration, and NADPH reduction level in rat brain mitochondria oxidizing a variety of respiratory substrates. Under conditions of maximum respiration induced with either ADP or carbonyl cyanide p -trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone, � -ketoglutarate supported the highest rate of H 2 O 2 production. In the absence of ADP or in the presence of rotenone, H 2 O 2 production rates correlated with the reduction level of mitochondrial NADPH with various substrates, with the exception of � -ketoglutarate. Isolated mitochondrial � -ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KGDHC) and pyruvate dehy- drogenase (PDHC) complexes produced superoxide and H 2 O 2 . NAD � inhibited ROS production by the isolated enzymes and by perme- abilized mitochondria. We also measured H 2 O 2 production by brain mitochondria isolated from heterozygous knock-out mice deficient in dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (Dld). Although this enzyme is a part of both KGDHC and PDHC, there was greater impairment of KGDHC activity in Dld-deficient mitochondria. These mitochondria also produced significantly less H 2 O 2 than mitochondria isolated from their littermate wild-type mice. The data strongly indicate that KGDHC is a primary site of ROS production in normally functioning mitochondria.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 10:45
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2017 10:45

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