Different roles of similarity and predictability in auditory stream segregation

Bendixen, Alexandra and Bőhm, Tamás M. and Szalárdy, Orsolya and Mill, Robert and Denham, Susan L. and Winkler, István (2013) Different roles of similarity and predictability in auditory stream segregation. Learning & Perception, 5 (S. 2). pp. 37-54. ISSN 1789-3186

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Sound sources often emit trains of discrete sounds, such as a series of footsteps. Previously, two dif¬ferent principles have been suggested for how the human auditory system binds discrete sounds to¬gether into perceptual units. The feature similarity principle is based on linking sounds with similar characteristics over time. The predictability principle is based on linking sounds that follow each other in a predictable manner. The present study compared the effects of these two principles. Participants were presented with tone sequences and instructed to continuously indicate whether they perceived a single coherent sequence or two concurrent streams of sound. We investigated the influence of separate manipulations of similarity and predictability on these perceptual reports. Both grouping principles affected perception of the tone sequences, albeit with different characteristics. In particular, results suggest that whereas predictability is only analyzed for the currently perceived sound organization, feature similarity is also analyzed for alternative groupings of sound. Moreover, changing similarity or predictability within an ongoing sound sequence led to markedly different dynamic effects. Taken together, these results provide evidence for different roles of similarity and predictability in auditory scene analysis, suggesting that forming auditory stream representations and competition between alter¬natives rely on partly different processes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sound perception, auditory scene analysis, streaming, auditory object formation, perceptual bi-stability, perceptual switching, primary sound features, sound patterns, higher-order sound feature, feature proximity
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion / filozófia, pszichológia, vallás > BF Psychology / lélektan > BF09 Sensation / észlelés, érzékelés
Depositing User: Dr. István Winkler
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2013 07:06
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2013 07:06

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