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Study on temperature dependence of catalytic thermal decomposition of polyamides and polyurethanes mixed with acidic zeolites

Bozi, János and Rosenbergerné Mihályi, Magdolna and Blazsó, Marianne (2013) Study on temperature dependence of catalytic thermal decomposition of polyamides and polyurethanes mixed with acidic zeolites. JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL AND APPLIED PYROLYSIS, 101. pp. 103-110. ISSN 0165-2370

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Abstract

Waste electric and electronic equipments (WEEE) and automotive plastic shredder contain nitrogen-containing polymers such as polyamides and polyurethanes. Thermal decomposition of these polymers leads to pyrolysis oil in which unwanted N-containing compounds are also present. Catalytic pyrolysis can be a way to reduce the oil's N-content or to obtain valuable products. We have examined the slow heating rate pyrolysis of zeolite-polyamide and zeolite-polyurethane mixtures by thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry (TG-MS), moreover flash pyrolysis of the mixtures at three different temperatures were carried out by pyrolysis-gas chromatography mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). In TG-MS experiments thermal decomposition characteristics of polyamides are hardly affected by the presence of acidic zeolites, nevertheless, MS ion curves show that the nature of the evolved volatile compounds have changed considerably. Similarly different pyrolysis products have been obtained from pure polyurethanes and polyurethane-zeolite mixtures, but polyurethane-zeolite mixtures have noticeably dissimilar thermal behaviour than the pure polymer. Py-GC/MS measurements have revealed that the pyrolysis temperature significantly affects the pyrolysis product distribution of the investigated polymers and also that of their mixtures with acidic zeolites. For zeolite-polyamide-6,6 1:1 mixtures it was concluded that hexanedinitrile is the main pyrolysis product and its predominance is the highest at 500 °C. Main pyrolysis products of zeolite-polyamide-6 mixtures of 1:1 ratio are dihydro-azepine isomers. Their amount does not increase over 450 °C, however with rising temperature aromatic compounds are also formed. In case of polyurethane-zeolite mixtures the ether and ester segments are decomposed mainly to monomers, while diisocyanate units are converted to N-containing aromatic compounds. The amount of these compounds is varying with temperature, moreover increasing the pyrolysis temperature (450 °C or higher) the formation of aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene and naphthalene compounds) and light unsaturated hydrocarbons are favoured. Flash pyrolysis of polyurethane-NH4Y zeolite mixtures indicated that ammonia notably affects the decomposition of polyester segments leading to hexanedinitrile formation at as low temperature as 400 °C. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Y zeolite; TG-MS; Pyrolysis-GC/MS; POLYURETHANE; polyamide; catalytic pyrolysis
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2013 12:45
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2013 12:45
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/5836

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