Mother-to-fetus Transmission of Cytomegalovirus

Pusztai, Rozália and Lukácsi, Angéla and Kovács, Ida (2004) Mother-to-fetus Transmission of Cytomegalovirus. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, 51 (4). pp. 385-401. ISSN 1217-8950

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Congenital human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the leading infectious cause of mental retardation, sensorineural deafness and visual impairment. It is mainly related to a primary maternal infection. The placenta should be considered the most important site of both the protection of the fetus from CMV infection and the transmission of CMV from mother to fetus. The control of the passage of CMV across the placenta probably involves a cascade of regulatory events. Roles are played by factors relating to the host immune-selective pressures, such as local cytokines and maternal CMV-specific neutralizing antibodies. The presence of other pathogens at the maternal-fetal interface also influences the outcome of CMV infection. Further investigations are needed in which clinical CMV strains are applied in in vitro studies to unravel the molecular mechanism of the intrauterine transmission of CMV and to elucidate the complex regulation that leads to prevention of the in utero transmission of CMV in vivo.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: xFruzsina xPataki
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2017 05:23
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 05:23

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