Conjugation potential and class 1 integron carriage of resident plasmids in river water copiotrophs

Mukherjee, Shriparna and Chakraborty, Ranadhir (2007) Conjugation potential and class 1 integron carriage of resident plasmids in river water copiotrophs. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, 54 (4). pp. 379-397. ISSN 1217-8950

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Plasmid content was investigated in hundred copiotrophic Gram-negative river water isolates that exhibited resistance to four or more antibiotics. A total of seventy-seven isolates were found to carry plasmids of varying sizes. These isolates were primarily grouped as Pseudomonads and members of Enterobacteriaceae on the basis of physiological and biochemical tests. Fifty-six isolates that were rifampicin-sensitive and belonged to Enterobacteriaceae family were chosen as donors for the conjugal transfer assay. Eighteen of the isolates successfully transferred conjugable plasmids to the E. coli DH5 α recipient. Countable multiple antibiotic resistant transconjugants arose readily and conjugal transfer frequency was in the range of 3.75 × 10-6 to 1.0 × 10-1. The most common carriage of resistances conferred by transmissible R plasmids was against ampicillin, cefotaxim and cephalexin. The residence of class 1 integrons on conjugative R plasmids was confirmed in only six transconjugants. Gene cassettes borne on the integrons were identified to be dihydrofolate reductases (dhfrs) . The major concern of this study was about the copiotrophs containing self-transmissible R plasmids which may be potential reservoirs of antibiotic-resistance genes and instrumental in dissemination of the same in the environment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: xFruzsina xPataki
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2017 07:02
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2017 07:02

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