Resting State fMRI Functional Connectivity Analysis Using Dynamic Time Warping

Meszlényi, Regina and Hermann, Petra and Buza, Krisztián Antal and Gál, Viktor and Vidnyánszky, Zoltán (2017) Resting State fMRI Functional Connectivity Analysis Using Dynamic Time Warping. FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE, 11. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1662-4548


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Traditional resting-state network concept is based on calculating linear dependence of spontaneous low frequency fluctuations of the BOLD signals of different brain areas, which assumes temporally stable zero-lag synchrony across regions. However, growing amount of experimental findings suggest that functional connectivity exhibits dynamic changes and a complex time-lag structure, which cannot be captured by the static zero-lag correlation analysis. Here we propose a new approach applying Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) distance to evaluate functional connectivity strength that accounts for non-stationarity and phase-lags between the observed signals. Using simulated fMRI data we found that DTW captures dynamic interactions and it is less sensitive to linearly combined global noise in the data as compared to traditional correlation analysis. We tested our method using resting-state fMRI data from repeated measurements of an individual subject and showed that DTW analysis results in more stable connectivity patterns by reducing the within-subject variability and increasing robustness for preprocessing strategies. Classification results on a public dataset revealed a superior sensitivity of the DTW analysis to group differences by showing that DTW based classifiers outperform the zero-lag correlation and maximal lag cross-correlation based classifiers significantly. Our findings suggest that analysing resting-state functional connectivity using DTW provides an efficient new way for characterizing functional networks.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr. Krisztian Buza
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2017 14:28
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2017 14:28

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