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Response of soybean plants to the application of synthetic and biodegradable Fe chelates and Fe complexes

Martín-Fernández, Clara and Solti, Ádám and Czech, Viktória and Kovács, Krisztina and Fodor, Ferenc and Gárate, Agustín and Hernández-Apaolaza, Lourdes and Lucena, Juan José (2017) Response of soybean plants to the application of synthetic and biodegradable Fe chelates and Fe complexes. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 118. pp. 579-588. ISSN 0981-9428

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Abstract

The growing concern over the environmental risk of synthetic chelate application promotes the search for alternatives in Fe fertilization, such as biodegradable chelating agents and natural complexing agents. In this work, plant responses to the application of several Fe treatments (chelates and complexes) was analyzed to study their potential use in Fe fertilization under calcareous conditions. Thus, the root ferric chelate reductase (FCR) activity of soybean (Glycine max cv. Klaxon) plants was determined, and the effectiveness of the Fe chelates and complexes assessed in a pot experiment, by SPAD and fluorescence induction measurements, and the determination of Fe distribution in plant and soil. Additionally, 57Fe M€ossbauer spectroscopy was conducted to identify the Fe forms present in the soybean roots. The highest FCR activity was observed for the chelates EDDS/Fe3þ and IDHA/Fe3þ; while no activity was observed when using complexes as Fe substrates. In contrast to the FCR data, the pot experiment confirmed that the o,oEDDHA/Fe3þ is the most effective treatment, and the complexes LS/Fe3þ and GA/ Fe3þ are able to alleviate Fe chlorosis, also indicated by SPAD data and the maximal quantum efficiency of photosystem II reaction centers as vitality parameters, and the enhanced plant uptake of Fe from natural sources.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan > QK10 Plant physiology / növényélettan
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: Dr. Solti Ádám
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 08:44
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 08:44
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/63027

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