Seed mycoflora of Ephedra aphylla and amino acid profile of seed-borne Aspergillus flavus

Al-Qarawi, Abdulaziz A. and Hashem, Abeer and Abd-Allah, Elsayed F. (2012) Seed mycoflora of Ephedra aphylla and amino acid profile of seed-borne Aspergillus flavus. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, 59 (3). pp. 311-320. ISSN 1217-8950

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Twenty-seven seed samples of Ephedra aphylla were collected from different rangelands in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia during seed production season of 2010. They were assessed to determine the incidence of seedborne fungal flora using both agar plate and blotter paper methods. The investigation of the seeds yielded thirty four fungal species belonging to twelve genera, which are new record to seed-brone mycoflora of E. aphylla in Saudi Arabia. The agar plate method was found superior over blotter methods. The genus Aspergillus was the most prevalent one followed by Fusarium, Penicillium, Alternaria, and Chaetomium. Only eighteen isolates of A. flavus (∼ 28.6% of total isolates) were able to produce aflatoxins. Mycelial amino acids profile of selected aflatoxigenic isolates of A. flavus was investigated and five amino acids, namely cystein, lysine, praline, tryptophan and valine were common in mycelia and all of them were aflatoxins producers. Based on the dissimilarity coefficient between the isolates and their amino acids patterns, high diversity among the population of A. flavus has been recorded.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: xFruzsina xPataki
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 06:25
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2017 06:25

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