The effects of the initial arterial tone on the pressure responses to phenylephrine

Osadtchy, L. I. and Balueva, T. V. and Sergeev, I. V. (2000) The effects of the initial arterial tone on the pressure responses to phenylephrine. Acta Physiologica Hungarica, 87 (1). pp. 77-86. ISSN 0231-424X


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The effect of the elevated arterial tone on pressure responses to stimulation of arterial α - adrenoreceptors by phenylephrine hydrochloride was studied in anesthetized Wistar rats. Different levels of the arterial tone and, hence of the mean arterial pressure, were established by means of angiotensin II infusion in the range from 101 to 160 mmHg. An elevation of the arterial tone led to a significant reduction of the arterial pressure and peripheral resistance rise produced by phenylephrine. The degree of relative reduction of the increase in the diastolic pressure exceeded 1.3 times that in the systolic pressure. The shifts of cardiac outputs remained unchanged. After cessation of angiotensin II infusion the restoration of the arterial pressure took place almost till the initial level. At this time the pressure effects of phenylephrine were tended to recovery. It is suggested that the elevated arterial tone attenuates the systemic pressure response to stimulation of arterial α -adrenoreceptors by a vascular mechanism based on a transmural pressure changes evoked by the constriction of the arterial vessels.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: xFruzsina xPataki
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2017 08:17
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2020 23:16

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