Increased thermoregulatory responsiveness in cold adapted but not in hyperthyroid hypermetabolic rats

Pétervári, Erika and Koncsecskó-Gáspár, Margit and Balaskó, Márta and Székely, M. (2003) Increased thermoregulatory responsiveness in cold adapted but not in hyperthyroid hypermetabolic rats. Acta Physiologica Hungarica, 90 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0231-424X

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Cold-adapted (CA) rats, unlike non-adapted (NA) ones, give exaggerated metabolic response to acute cold exposure, with paradoxical “overshoot” core temperature (Tc)rise in the cold, and they also give enhanced hyperthermia to central injection of prostaglandin E1(PGE1). The adaptation-dependent differences might be explained either by the high thermogenic capacity of peripheral tissues in CA rats or by differences in the central processing of regulatory signals. If high tissue metabolism sufficiently explains the extreme responses of CA animals, other hypermetabolic states (with high resting metabolic rate, RMR), e.g. hyperthyroidism, should also be accompanied by enhanced reactions. In the present study thermoregulatory responses to acute cold exposure or to PGE1 were compared in hypermetabolic CA, similarly hypermetabolic thyroxine-treated (T4) and control non-hypermetabolic NA rats (mean RMR=8.12, 8.47 and 6.03 W kg–1, respectively).Cold exposure was followed by paradoxical core temperature (Tc) rise of 0.5 to 0.7°C only in CA rats, but by Tc fall (0.8 to 2.1°C) in NA and T4 animals. Identical central stimuli (PGE1) induced larger elevations of Tc and metabolic rate in CA rats than in similarly hypermetabolic T4 or in non-hypermetabolic NA animals (mean Tc rise of 1.9 °C in CA vs. 0.9°C in T4 and 1.0°C in NA rats). Vasodilatation thresholds were also similar in NA and T4 , but lowered in CA animals. A hypermetabolic status, per se, does not seem to explain the enhanced thermoregulatory responsiveness of CA animals, adaptation-induced central regulatory changes may be more important for the “overshoot” phenomenon.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: xFruzsina xPataki
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2017 11:38
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2017 11:38

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