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Photometric and radial-velocity time-series of RR Lyrae stars in M3: analysis of single-mode variables

Jurcsik, Johanna and Smitola, Péter and Hajdu, Gergely and Sódor, Ádám and Nuspl, János and Kolenberg, Katrien and Fűrész, Gábor and Balázs, Lajos György and Pilachowski, C. and Kovács, Tamás and Kriskovics, Levente and Sárneczky, Krisztián and Szalai, Tamás and Szing, Attila and Vida, Krisztián (2016) Photometric and radial-velocity time-series of RR Lyrae stars in M3: analysis of single-mode variables. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 468. pp. 1317-1337. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We present the first simultaneous photometric and spectroscopic investigation of a large set of RR Lyrae variables in a globular cluster. The radial-velocity data presented comprise the largest sample of RVs of RR Lyrae stars ever obtained. The target is M3; BVI_C time-series of 111 and b flux data of further 64 RRab stars, and RV data of 79 RR Lyrae stars are published. Blazhko modulation of the light curves of 47 percent of the RRab stars are detected. The mean value of the center-of-mass velocities of RR Lyrae stars is −146.8 km/s with 4.52 km/s standard deviation, which is in vgood agreement with the results obtained for the red giants of the cluster. The Φ21 RV phase difference of the RV curves of RRab stars is found to be uniformly constant both for the M3 and for Galactic field RRab stars; no period or metallicity dependence of the Φ21 RV is detected. The Baade-Wesselink distances of 26 non-Blazhko variables with the best phase-coverage radial-velocity curves are determined; the corresponding distance of the cluster, 10480±210 pc, agrees with the previous literature information. A quadratic formula for the Apuls−AV relation of RRab stars is given, which is valid for both OoI and OoII variables. We also show that the (V − I)0 of RRab stars measured at light minimum is period dependent, there is at least 0.1 mag difference between the colours at minimum light of the shortest- and longest-period variables.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QB Astronomy, Astrophysics / csillagászat, asztrofizika
Depositing User: Dr. Ádám Sódor
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2017 15:56
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2017 15:56
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/64427

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