Enhancing Resistance to Stem and Stolon Rot of Peppermint (Mentha piperita Lin.) Using Biocontrol Agents

Kamalakannan, A. and Mohan, L. and Kavitha, K. and Harish, S. and Radjacommare, R. and Nakkeeran, S. and Parthiban, V. K. and Karuppiah, R. and Angayarkanni, T. (2003) Enhancing Resistance to Stem and Stolon Rot of Peppermint (Mentha piperita Lin.) Using Biocontrol Agents. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 38 (3-4). pp. 293-305. ISSN 0238-1249

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Five isolates of Trichoderma viride, Pseudomonas fluorescens and four isolates of Bacillus subtilis were evaluated for their ability to control Rhizoctonia solani, the causal agent of stem and stolon rot of peppermint (Mentha piperita Lin.). Of the various isolates of T. viride, P. fluorescens and B. subtilis tested, TVUV10, PFMMP and BSG3 showed the maximum inhibition of mycelial growth of R. solani. Among these isolates, P. fluorescens, PFMMP recorded the highest inhibition zone against R. solani in vitro and was very effective in reducing disease incidence in greenhouse condition. The effective isolates were evaluated for their ability to induce defense related enzymes and chemicals in plants. Increased activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), peroxidase (PO), polyphenoloxidase (PPO) and total phenolics were recorded in the biocontrol agents pretreated peppermint plants challenged with R. solani. P. fluorescens isolate PFMMP recorded early and increased synthesis of all defense related enzymes and total phenol. Thus, the present study shows that application of biocontrol agents; induce defense related enzymes involved in phenyl propanoid pathway in addition to direct antagonism which collectively contribute for enhanced resistance against invasion of R. solani in M. piperita.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan > QK10 Plant physiology / növényélettan
Q Science / természettudomány > QL Zoology / állattan > QL01 Systematic zoology / állatrendszertan
Depositing User: xBarbara xBodnár
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2017 15:28
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2017 15:28

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