Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Abiotic and Biotic Stresses in Plants

Pogány, M. and Harrach, B. D. and Hafez, Y. M. and Barna, B. and Király, Z. and Páldi, E. (2006) Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Abiotic and Biotic Stresses in Plants. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 41 (1-2). pp. 23-35. ISSN 0238-1249

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Biotic and abiotic stresses induce increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through distinct pathways: pathogen infections activate specific ROS-producing enzymes (i.e. NADPH oxidase, cell wall peroxidases), which results in accumulation of cellular or intercellular ROS, such as superoxide or hydrogen peroxide. Abiotic stresses, on the other hand, cause elevated ROS production principally through an impairment of photosynthetic and respiratory electron transport pathways. Also, these two types of stresses have diverse effects on the antioxidant system of the plant. Results of experiments studying the interaction of abiotic and biotic stresses largely depend on the degree of the applied abiotic stress treatment, the compatible or incompatible host-pathogen interaction and the timing of inoculation in relation to the timing of a preceding abiotic stress treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan > QK10 Plant physiology / növényélettan
Q Science / természettudomány > QL Zoology / állattan > QL01 Systematic zoology / állatrendszertan
Depositing User: xBarbara xBodnár
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2017 14:59
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2017 14:59

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