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Shock-induced alterations in the recently found H chondrite Csátalja meteorite and its implications

Gyollai, Ildikó and Kereszturi, Ákos and Kereszty, Zsolt and Szabó, Máté and Chatzitheodoridis, Elias (2017) Shock-induced alterations in the recently found H chondrite Csátalja meteorite and its implications. Central European Geology, 60 (2). pp. 173-200. ISSN 1788-2281

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Abstract

Shock-driven annealing of pyroxene and shock deformation of olivine were analyzed in a recently found H chondrite called Csátalja. The most characteristic infrared (IR) spectral shape of shock-annealed sub-grained pyroxene was identified: the strongest peak occurs at 860 cm<sup>−1</sup> with a smaller shoulder at 837−840 cm<sup>−1</sup>, and small bands are at 686, 635−638, and 1,044−1,050 cm<sup>−1</sup>. The appearance of forbidden bands in pyroxene and shift of band positions to a lower wave number in olivines clearly demonstrate the crystal lattice disordering due to shock metamorphism. The shock annealing produced mixed dark melt along fractures, which consists of feldspar−pyroxene and olivine−pyroxene melt. The dark shock melt at sub-grain boundaries of shocked pyroxenes and along fracture of pyroxenes is characterized by elevated Ca, Na, and Al content relative to its environment, detected by element mapping. So far, shock deformation of pyroxene and olivine was not studied by IR spectroscopy; this method has turned out to be a powerful tool in identifying the mixed composition of shock melt minerals. Further study of shock annealing of minerals, together with the context of shock melting at sub-grain boundaries, will provide a better understanding of the formation of high P–T minerals.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2017 11:40
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 11:40
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/67263

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