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Species and microsite effects on litter decomposition in a Puerto Rican landslide

Myster, R.W. and Schaefer, D.A. (2003) Species and microsite effects on litter decomposition in a Puerto Rican landslide. Community Ecology, 4 (2). pp. 157-162. ISSN 1585-8553

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Abstract

Because decomposition is an important decomposition process and species control of it is an issue in the tropics, we examined how much plant species controlled decomposition compared to environmental conditions on a landslide in Puerto Rico. We chose a landslide because of its extreme special variation in environmental coditions, and found that the landslide center microsite had the greatest variation in temperature and precipitation. Litterbags were filled with single-species leaves of three different plant species and placed in center, border and forest landslide microsites. Bags were collected after 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16 weeks and analysed for organic matter and various other chemicals. All chemicals showed strong differences among plant species and very little significant environmental variation and, with one exception, organic matter loss followed the same exponential decay pattern for all species and microsites. Interestingly, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) immobilization was seen for all three litter types, and calcium immobilization was seen for two of the three. However, immobilization of N and P were most pronounced for the early successional species. Finally, the dominance of species effects over environmental effects suggest that leaf litter chemistry strongly influences decomposition in landslides. While the soil decomposer biota act similarly along landslide environmental ranges, they are more responsive to substrate quality.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
Depositing User: xBarbara xBodnár
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2017 12:14
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2017 12:14
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/67439

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