REAL

Ultrastructural studies on the pheromone-producing cells in the silkmoth, Bombyx mori: formation of cytoplasmic lipid droplets before adult eclosion

Yokoyama, N. and Fónagy, Adrien and Tatsuki, S. and Arie, T. and Yamashita, S. and Matsumoto, S. (2003) Ultrastructural studies on the pheromone-producing cells in the silkmoth, Bombyx mori: formation of cytoplasmic lipid droplets before adult eclosion. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 54 (3-4). pp. 299-312. ISSN 0236-5383

[img] Text
abiol.54.2003.3-4.8.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only until 31 December 2023.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

In Bombyx mori, pheromone-producing cells accumulate a number of lipid droplets in the cytoplasm preceding the production of the sex pheromone, bombykol. The process of lipid droplet formation in the pheromone-producing cells was investigated by using light and electron microscopy. Light microscopy revealed that the lipid droplets appeared from 2 days before adult eclosion and dramatic accumulation took place between 2 days and 1 day before eclosion. Electron microscopical studies revealed that smooth endoplasmic reticulum and numerous vesicles, their sizes being less than 1 µm, were detectable 2 days before eclosion, and some vesicles were fused with mitochondria at this stage. These characteristic changes in the pheromone-producing cells suggest that fatty acyl-CoA synthesis following de novo fatty acid synthesis takes place at this time. Involutions in the basal plasma membrane of the cells occurred throughout the observed period, which were extensive on the day before adult eclosion. Besides extensive basal involutions, immature lipid droplets appeared and then mature fully electron-dense lipid droplets were observed on the day of adult eclosion. These ultrastructural observations, combined with recent physiological studies suggest, that the basal involutions presumably reflect the uptake of lipidic components required for the construction of lipid droplets, the function of which is to store the bombykol precursor and to provide it for bombykol biosynthesis in response to pheromonotropic stimuli by pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide (PBAN).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: Endre Sarvay
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2017 16:00
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2017 16:00
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/69843

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item