Comparison of the feeding habits of Eurasian otters on a fast flowing river and its backwater habitats

Lanszki, József and Sallai, Z. (2006) Comparison of the feeding habits of Eurasian otters on a fast flowing river and its backwater habitats. MAMMALIAN BIOLOGY, 71 (6). pp. 336-346. ISSN 1616-5047

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The diet and feeding habits of Eurasian otters Lutra lutra were studied by spraint analysis over a 2- year period, on three sections of the Drava River and three backwaters, in south-west Hungary. The primary food was fish (mean: 89.8% and 87.5% for riverine and backwater habitats, respectively); otters Living in riverine habitats compared to backwaters, consumed more birds (3.9% and 0.7%, respectively), less mammals (0.5% and 0.9%, respectively), Less reptiles and amphibians (5.6% and 10.2%, respectively) and less invertebrates (0.1% and 0.6%, respectively). In riverine habitats otters preyed more frequently on Larger fish than in backwaters, but the main fish prey was small-sized (below 100 g in weight, 85.6% and 91.7%, respectively). On river sections they preyed more frequently on reophil (flow preferring fish, 18.9% and 3.3%, respectively), and Less on stagnophil fish (stagnant waters preferring, 9.8% and 24.5%, respectively) than in backwaters. The main fish prey was eurytopic (tolerant of rivers and stagnant waters, 71.3% and 72.2%, respectively). Preference (by Ivlev's electivity index, E-j) in the Drava River for various fish guilds differed, as the otters preferred eurytopic (E-j= 0.30) and stagnophit fish (E-j= 0.24), and avoided reophil fish (E-j=-0.58). Otters did not threaten the rare, flow preferring fish species and the main diet consisted of economically unimportant species.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QL Zoology / állattan
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SK Hunting sports / vadgazdálkodás, vadászat
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2013 12:43
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2013 12:43

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