Review of gastric torsion in eight guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus)

Nógrádi, Anna Linda and Cope, Iain and Balogh, Márton and Gál, János (2017) Review of gastric torsion in eight guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 65 (4). pp. 487-499. ISSN 0236-6290


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The authors present eight cases of gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) in guinea pigs from the Department and Clinic of Exotic Animal and Wildlife Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary between 2012 and 2016. Seven animals were operated on and two survived. Gastric torsion has been noted in many mammalian species. Gastric volvulus has a high morbidity and high mortality rate with a guarded to poor prognosis in all of these species. How GDV develops is still not widely understood. Postmortem examinations, in both our cases and previously reported cases, have failed to reveal the exact causes of the gastric torsions. The aetiology of gastric torsion in guinea pigs is probably multifactorial. Feeding fewer meals per day, eating rapidly, decreased food particle size, exercise, stress after a meal, competition, age, and an aggressive or fearful temperament, are all likely and potential risk factors for GDV development in a similar fashion to dogs. Sex, breeding, dental diseases, anatomical abnormalities, pain and pregnancy may also be contributing factors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SV Veterinary science / állatorvostudomány
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2018 20:16
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2018 00:18

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