Oligo‑ and polypeptide conjugates of cationic porphyrins: binding, cellular uptake, and cellular localization

Orosz, Ádám and Bősze, Szilvia and Mező, Gábor and Szabó, Ildikó and Herényi, Levente and Csik, Gabriella (2017) Oligo‑ and polypeptide conjugates of cationic porphyrins: binding, cellular uptake, and cellular localization. Amino Acids, 49. pp. 1263-1276. ISSN 1438-2199

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Recently, we have characterized the DNA and nucleoprotein (NP) binding of bis(4-N-methylpyridyl)- 15,20-di(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (BMPCP) and mesotri( 4-N-methylpyridyl)-mono(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TMPCP) and their tetrapeptide conjugates (BMPCP-4P2 and TMPCP-4P, respectively). In this work, we investigated the interaction of TMPCP conjugated to the tetrapeptide branches of branched chain polymeric polypeptide with poly-l-lysine backbone (AK) with DNA or NP using spectroscopic methods. Analysis of absorption spectra revealed the external binding but no intercalation of TMPCP-AK to DNA. There was no evidence for the interaction between TMPCP-AK and encapsidated DNA. Furthermore, we examined the cellular uptake of BMPCP and TMPCP and their tetra- or polypeptide conjugates by flow cytometry and analyzed how charge, size, and structure of the compounds affect their incorporation. In comparison, liposomal association constants of these derivatives were determined. BMPCP-4P2 accumulated the most, and porphyrins with two positive charges (BMPCP and BMPCP-4P2) showed better accumulation than the tri-cationic TMPCP or TMPCP-4P. Cellular uptake of polycationic TMPCP-AK was significantly lower than that of the free or tetrapeptide conjugated derivatives. The subcellular localization of all the five compounds was investigated in co-localization studies by confocal microscopy with special attention to their nuclear localization. Neither free nor conjugated BMPCP or TMPCP was co-localized with nuclear marker. Instead, these derivatives showed co-localization with lysosomal and mitochondrial fluorescent probes. TMPCPAK conjugate had different localization patterns appearing mainly in mitochondria and cytoplasmic vesicles. Our results may contribute to the further design of DNA-targeting porphyrin-based constructs.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD04 Organic chemistry / szerves kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3020 Biophysics / biofizika
Depositing User: Dr Katalin Uray
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2018 12:09
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2018 23:15

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