Essential oil composition and in vitro antibacterial activity of Chenopodium album subsp. striatum

Khomarlou, Negin and Aberoomand-Azar, Parviz and Lashgari, Ardalan Pasdaran and Tebyanian, Hamid and Hakakian, Ali and Ranjbar, Reza and Ayatollahi, Seyed Abdolmajid (2018) Essential oil composition and in vitro antibacterial activity of Chenopodium album subsp. striatum. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 69 (2). pp. 144-155. ISSN 0236-5383


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The objective of this study was to identify the bioactive compounds of essential oil and evaluate the antibacterial activity of the essential oil extracted from Chenopodium album subsp. striatum against multidrug-resistant bacterial strains (MDR) which were isolated from clinical specimens by conventional methods. Furthermore, eight different Gram-negative and Gram-positive multidrug-resistant bacterial strains were used to investigate the antibacterial potential of the essential oil. The antibacterial activity was tested using MIC and MBC microdilution method, well and disc diffusion in different concentration. The hydro-distillation of aerial parts powder yield was 0.466% (v/w). Essential oil showed bactericidal activity against both MDR Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains. MIC and MBC results were ranged from 0.31 to 2.5 and 0.62 to 5.0 mg/mL. The inhibition zones in well-diffusion method were ranged from 7 ± 0.6 mm to 15 ± 1.0 mm. Disc diffusion method was ranged from 7 ± 0.0 mm to 16 ± 0.6 mm depending on the type of bacteria strain and essential oil concentration. Essential oil of Ch. album had the greatest potential to be considered as an antibacterial agent against MDR bacteria strain. This potential was due to different biological and bioactive compounds like phytol, linalool, α-terpineol and linolenic acid in the plant.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: MTA KFB támogatási szerződés alapján archiválva
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: Violetta Baliga
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 14:20
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2019 23:16

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