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The environmental history of a former salt town in Transylvania (Sic, Northern Romania)

Jakab, Gusztáv and Silye, Lóránd and Sümegi, Pál and Törőcsik, Tünde and Tóth, Attila and Sümegi, Balázs Pál and Benkő, Elek (2018) The environmental history of a former salt town in Transylvania (Sic, Northern Romania). Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 69 (1). pp. 185-206. ISSN 0001-5210

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Abstract

The medieval market-town of Sic (Szék in Hungarian) was an important Transylvanian settlement due to its remarkable salt mining. The impact of the mining activities on the environment and the history of water management were investigated based on a palaeoecological study, performed on the large Reedbed of Sic (Stufărişurile/Nádas-tó). We found that in the last 3000 years the anthropogenic impact has been continuous in the territory, but the types and intensity of the disturbances changed with time. The most notable environmental transitions took place after 1000 AD, suggesting a significant intensification of salt mining. Forest cover significantly drop, but salt concentration and the frequency of halophytic species in the investigated marshland increased during the Late Middle Ages. The dominance of halophytic marshland species reached their peak in the 17<sup>th</sup> century. This coincides with the apogee of mining activities and human lake management. The most remarkable deforestation occurred in the 18<sup>th</sup> century, when the present-day landscape with negligible forest cover was developed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: MTA KFB támogatási szerződés alapján archiválva
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
Depositing User: Violetta Baliga
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 08:51
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 08:51
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/80870

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