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Archeometric Investigation of the Stone Tools of the Vatya Culture (Pest County, Hungary)

Farkas-Pető, Anna and Horváth, Tünde and Papp, István and Kovács-Pálffy, Péter (2014) Archeometric Investigation of the Stone Tools of the Vatya Culture (Pest County, Hungary). Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 9 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1842-4090; 1844-489X

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Abstract

With the analysis of the middle Bronze Age (2000–1350 BC) Vatya culture findings in Pest county (Central Hungary) comprising of more than 400 polished stone tools and instrument tools this is the first archaeometric study with such scale in Hungary. In order to characterize petrographically the raw-material of the stone tools macroscopic and microscopic stone analyses were made together with mineralogical and geochemical analyses. In the course of the work a new digital database the Archaeometric Stone Tool Database was established. Based on the results, the material of the instrument stones is mainly sandstone and quartzite that were easy to collect from their source areas. Local volcanics, mostly amphibole containing andesite variations dominated among the material of the polished stone tools. Ophiolites (metamorphic basic rocks, serpentinized basic and ultrabasic rocks) were the raw-material of stone axes that indicate either more distant travels for raw-material or exchange import.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE06 Petrology. Petrography / kőzettan, petrográfia
Depositing User: Ágnes Kolláth
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2013 15:33
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2013 07:24
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/8192

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