Simultaneous determination of terrain correction and local average topographic density

Papp, G. (2009) Simultaneous determination of terrain correction and local average topographic density. Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica, 44 (2). pp. 191-202. ISSN 1217-8977

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Nettleton’s method is based on the elevation dependence of the surface free-air gravity anomalies and widely used to obtain an optimal average density value by applying e.g. least squares model parameter estimation. Its accuracy, however, strongly depends on how efficiently the regional trends and very local (terrain) effects are removed from the gravity anomalies processed. If the geometry of the topography is fixed then the terrain correction term at the evaluation point P is a linear function of the unknown average topographical density. Therefore it can also be included in the equation system to be solved by adjustment and an estimation of the density can be obtained in one step, without iteration. The results of this simple refinement of Nettleton’s method as well as the distorting effect of the regional trend are demonstrated by a local example. It reviews the gravity survey of a geological structure (known as loess bluff) and its surrounding on the bank of the river Danube. The derived density values increase from ϱt = 1163±543 kg/m3 to ϱt = 1764±113 kg/m3 as the gravity anomalies are gradually reduced by regional and local (terrain) effects during data processing. The lab determination of surface loess samples from the area having only 3.5% water content gives 1610 ± 100 kg/m3.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE01 Geophysics / geofizika
Depositing User: Endre Sarvay
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2018 17:26
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2018 10:01

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