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Tapasztalatok a levetiracetamkezeléssel gyermekkori epilepsziákban = Experience with levetiracetam in childhood epilepsy

Neuwirth, Magdolna and Saracz, Judit and Hegyi, Márta and Paraicz, Éva and Kollár, Katalin and Móser, Judit and Rosdy, Beáta and Herczegfalvi, Ágnes and Fogarasi, András (2006) Tapasztalatok a levetiracetamkezeléssel gyermekkori epilepsziákban = Experience with levetiracetam in childhood epilepsy. IDEGGYOGYASZATI SZEMLE / CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE, 59 (5-6). pp. 179-182. ISSN 0019-1442

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam in children with drug resistant epilepsy from a retrospective study. METHODS: We report the result of a study of 85 pediatric patients (mean 10.5 years, range: 1-24) with refractory generalized and focal epilepsy, who received levetiracetam as add-on treatment. The average duration of epilepsy was eight years, and the patient were treated with mean of 6.0 antiepileptic drugs before levetiracetam was introduced. RESULTS: Ten patients (12%) became seizure-free, three (3%) responded with seizure reduction of more than 90%, 32 (38%) responded with seizure reduction of more than 50% following introduction of levetiracetam. No response to levetiracetam was reported in 34% (n: 29). Positive psychotropic effect was observed in 26 patient (30%). Mild to moderate side effects were reported in 11 patients (13%), consisting most frequently general behavioral changes, aggression, sleep disturbances, but they ceased after decreasing the dose of levetiracetam. Mental retardation was associated with poor response and associated with more side effects. CONCLUSION: Levetiracetam is a well tolerated new antiepileptic drug that may effectively improve seizures control as an add-on drug in resistant epilepsy in childhood with good tolerability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Treatment Outcome; Retrospective Studies; derivatives/therapeutic use; Piracetam/administration & dosage/adverse effects/*analogs &; Male; Intellectual Disability/complications; Infant; Humans; Female; Epilepsy/complications/*drug therapy; Child, Preschool; Child; Anticonvulsants/administration & dosage/adverse effects/*therapeutic use; Age of Onset; Adult; Adolescent
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RJ Pediatrics / gyermekgyógyászat
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2018 10:12
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2018 13:40
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/82719

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