Major Changes of von Willebrand Factor Multimer Distribution in Cirrhotic Patients with Stable Disease or Acute Decompensation

Palyu, Eszter and Hársfalvi, Jolán and Tornai, Tamás and Papp, Mária and Udvardy, Miklós and Szekeres-Csiki, Katalin and Pataki, Lajos and Tornai, István (2018) Major Changes of von Willebrand Factor Multimer Distribution in Cirrhotic Patients with Stable Disease or Acute Decompensation. THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS, 118 (8). pp. 1397-1408. ISSN 0340-6245


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Background There is an unstable balance between pro- and anti-haemostatic processes in patients with cirrhosis. We hypothesized, that in patients with acute decompensation (AD) the major alterations of von Willebrand factor (VWF) could contribute to the pro thrombotic situation as compared to patients with stable (ST) cirrhosis. Patients and Methods We analysed different parameters of VWF, including detailed multimer distribution by densitometry and platelet adhesion, together with a disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-1 motifs 13 (ADAMTS13) activity and antigen and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with ST cirrhosis (n = 99), with AD (n = 54) and controls (n = 92). Results VWF antigen, ristocetin co-factor as well as collagen-binding activities were elevated in both cirrhotic groups in a stepwise manner. There was a decrease in high and an increase in low molecular weight multimer ratios in the majority of ST cirrhosis. However, in 24 out of 54 AD patients, ultra-large VWF multimers (ultra-large molecular weight multimers [ULMWM]) were found. ADAMTS13 activity in ST and AD patients without ULMWM was similar to controls (median [interquartile range; IQR]%: 98 [67-132] and 91 [60-110] vs. 106 [88-117], respectively). The presence of ULMWM in AD patients was associated with low ADAMTS13 activity [33 (24-49)%] and high CRP level [23 (7.1-83.6) mg/L]. Adhesion of normal platelets showed a stepwise increase in the presence of cirrhotic plasmas, reaching the highest level in AD patients with ULMWM. Conclusion Characteristic changes of VWF parameters are seen in ST cirrhosis. In AD patients, highly increased VWF and reduced ADAMTS13 activity could be found, along with the presence of ULMWM, which are possible markers and contributors of the disease progression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HEMOSTASIS; ADAMTS13; VONWILLEBRAND-FACTOR; BACTERIAL-INFECTIONS; HEPATOCELLULAR-CARCINOMA; platelet activation; HEPATIC STELLATE CELLS; FACTOR-CLEAVING PROTEASE; ORTHOTOPIC LIVER-TRANSPLANTATION; thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura; thrombotic micro-angiopathy; von Willebrand factor multimers; SYSTEMIC INFLAMMATION; acute decompensation; CIRRHOSIS
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2018 11:50
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2018 11:50

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