The macro-level driving factors of negative campaigning in Europe

Papp, Zsófia and Patkós, Veronika (2018) The macro-level driving factors of negative campaigning in Europe. The International Journal of Press/Politics. ISSN 1940-1612, ESSN: 1940-1620 (In Press)

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Covering the largest sample of countries to date, this study examines the effect of three country-specific factors on the tone of electoral campaigns across Europe: electoral system disproportionality, party system fragmentation and the polarization of the electorate. We use an original dataset of statements made by political actors during 18 electoral campaigns in 9 European countries. Our multinomial logit model suggests that increasing disproportionality slightly increases negativity, while thanks to parties competing on the same market less polarized electorates invite more negative political campaigns. Finally, we find a U-shaped relationship between party system fragmentation and negativity: increasing the number of parties negativity decreases first, only to start increasing again once the party system becomes very fragmented. We explain this with parties altering their coalition strategies with the changing number of parties: less fragmentation makes it more likely to having to step into coalition with the competitors, thus decreasing negativity, while in very fragmented systems, parties not needed to any potential coalitions become easy targets to negative campaign.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: J Political Science / politológia > JA Political science (General) / politológia általában
Depositing User: Dr. Zsófia Papp
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 14:09
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2018 14:09

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