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Quantum state matching of qubits via measurement-induced nonlinear transformations

Kálmán, Orsolya and Kiss, Tamás (2018) Quantum state matching of qubits via measurement-induced nonlinear transformations. Physical Review A, 97 (3). 032125. ISSN 2469-9926

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Abstract

We consider the task of deciding whether an unknown qubit state falls in a prescribed neighborhood of a reference state. We assume that several copies of the unknownstate are given and apply a unitary operation pairwise on them combined with a postselection scheme conditioned on the measurement result obtained on one of the qubits of the pair. The resulting transformation is a deterministic, nonlinear, chaotic map in the Hilbert space. We derive a class of these transformations capable of orthogonalizing nonorthogonal qubit states after a few iterations. These nonlinear maps orthogonalize states which correspond to the two different convergence regions of the nonlinear map. Based on the analysis of the border (the so-called Julia set) between the two regions of convergence, we show that it is always possible to find a map capable of deciding whether an unknown state is within a neighborhood of fixed radius around a desired quantum state. We analyze which one- and two-qubit operations would physically realize the scheme. It is possible to find a single two-qubit unitary gate for each map or, alternatively, a universal special two-qubit gate together with single-qubit gates in order to carry out the task. We note that it is enough to have a single physical realization of the required gates due to the iterative nature of the scheme.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
Depositing User: Dr. Orsolya Kálmán
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2018 19:30
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2018 19:30
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/85138

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